Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Uranoscopoidei
(Sand dwellers) > Pinguipedidae
Etymology: Parapercis: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, perke = perch (Ref. 45335); pacifica: Named for its distribution in the Pacific..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 0 - 6 m (Ref. 75058). Subtropical
Western Pacific: southern Japan to Indonesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 75058); 13.1 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 17 - 18. This species is distinguished by the following: pectoral fin rays usually 18; cheek region with brown semicircular or M-shaped band and many blackish spots; lower portion of the
body in males with 3-4 ocelli and several blackish and brownish spots; usually 1-2 A1-2 and A2-3 spots, 2-3 A' series spots, and B4 spot, and a series of 6-7 ocelli on the lower portion of the body with brownish spots or patches between them present in females and juveniles (Ref. 75058).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Imamura, H. and T. Yoshino, 2007. Three new species of the genus Parapercis from the Western Pacific, with Rediscription of Parapercis hexophtalma (Perciformes:Pinguipedidae). Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci. Ser. A, Suppl. 1:81-100. (Ref. 75058)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 25.1 - 29.3, mean 28.7 °C (based on 956 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00314 - 0.01524), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 169 [92, 306] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.27 [0.75, 2.16] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.9 [15.7, 19.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.275 [0.156, 0.473] g/100g ; Selenium = 26 [12, 54] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 22.6 [7.8, 65.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.28 [0.90, 1.90] mg/100g (wet weight);