Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Notothenioidei
(Icefishes) > Nototheniidae
(Cod icefishes) > Nototheniinae
Etymology: Paranotothenia: Greek, para = near + Greek, noton = back + Greek, adverbial particle, then, that denotes distance or removal (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal. Polar
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Southern Ocean: Somov Sea (64°04'S, 165°39'E).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eastman, J.T. and R.R. Eakin, 2000. An updated species list for notothenioid fish (Perciformes; Notothenioidei), with comments on Antarctic species. Arch. Fish. Mar. Res. 48(1):11-20. (Ref. 37983)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (63 of 100) .