Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes
(Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Liparidae
Etymology: Paraliparis: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, liparis = fat (Ref. 45335); voroninorum: Paraliparis voroninorum is named in honor of Elena Voronina and Vladimir Voronin, who by their kindness, generosity, and hospitality over many years helped support my snailfish research at the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg (Ref. 90026). More on author: Stein.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range ? - 1990 m (Ref. 90026). Polar
Southern Ocean: known only from the holotype, taken at 1954–1990 m off the NW edge of Mawson Bank, Ross Sea (Ref. 90026).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 31.8 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 90026)
Morphology | Morphometrics
V 69, D 62, A 56, C 6, P 20, notch rays 3, rudimentary. Radials 3 (2+0+1) or 4 (3+1) if R2 normal; scapular helve almost absent. Eye 18% HL, upper jaw 42% HL. Premaxillary teeth about 20 in outer row on each side, uniserial for posterior 9-10, mostly triserial for anterior 10 rows; lower jaw teeth almost entirely uniserial, distinctly smaller than upper jaw teeth, extending posteriorly much farther, easily visible near symphysis. Opercular flap clearly present. Pectoral fin short, 66% head length. (Ref. 90026).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Stein, D.L., 2012. Snailfishes (Family Liparidae) of the Ross Sea, Antarctica, and Closely Adjacent Waters. Zootaxa 3285:1-120. (Ref. 90026)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00468 (0.00221 - 0.00989), b=3.17 (2.98 - 3.36), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .