Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes
(Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Liparidae
Etymology: Paraliparis: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, liparis = fat (Ref. 45335); ater: From the Latin ater, meaning black as soot. More on authors: Stein, Chernova & Andriashev.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range ? - 1000 m (Ref. 42734). Deep-water
Eastern Indian Ocean: west coast of Tasmania, Australia.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 13 - ? cm
Max length : 12.4 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 53;
Vertebrae: 67. Caudal-fin rays 8; 3 pectoral radials; first dorsal interneural between neural spines 3 and 4; mouth horizontal, subterminal, small; teeth simple, small; lower jaw subterminal; interorbital wide, 2.1 eye; chin pores with anterior common skin fold, interspace less than diameter; ventral end of gill opening and dorsal pectoral ray horizontal with lower half of eye; pectoral-fin rays 16+1+3, rudimentary notch rays absent; head 18.3% SL; nephrohaemal canal present; color black, peritoneum black (Ref. 42734).
Found on the continental slope. Benthic (Ref. 75154).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Stein, D.L., N.V. Chernova and A.P. Andriashev, 2001. Snailfishes (Pisces: Liparidae) of Australia, including descriptions of thirty new species. Rec. Aust. Mus. 53:341-406. (Ref. 42734)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00468 (0.00221 - 0.00989), b=3.17 (2.98 - 3.36), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .