Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Centrarchiformes
(Basses) > Cirrhitidae
Etymology: Paracirrhites: Greek, para = the side of + Latin, cirrus = curl (Ref. 45335). More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 20 m (Ref. 30874). Tropical; 28°N - 28°S
Eastern Indian Ocean: Cocos-Keeling and Christmas islands. Pacific Ocean: all islands of Oceania except Hawaii and Easter Island. Also known from the Ogasawara Islands (Ref. 559). Remains unreported from any continental shore or any of the large islands of the Indo-Malayan region.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 29.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2334); common length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9947)
soft rays: 6. Occurs in two basic color morphs: a light phase with a broad white longitudinal band and a maroon to black phase (Paracirrhites polystictus) with a conspicuous white blotch on each side (Ref. 37816).
An uncommon species that inhabits exposed reef fronts and outer reef slopes to a depth of about 18 m where it perches on rocks and corals. Feeds on small crustaceans and fishes (Ref. 89972). Absent from most large continental islands (Ref. 9710). Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 9710. Solitary (Ref 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.4 - 29.4, mean 28.2 °C (based on 1081 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00365 - 0.02386), b=3.07 (2.85 - 3.29), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 59.7 [40.2, 110.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.625 [0.386, 0.912] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.4 [18.5, 20.3] % ; Omega3 = 0.153 [0.113, 0.207] g/100g ; Selenium = 35.4 [21.7, 54.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 81.5 [33.6, 187.1] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.27 [0.94, 1.68] mg/100g (wet weight);