Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Subtropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Utilized both for food and as an ornamental species (Ref. 89718).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Zhu, S.-Q., 1995. Synopsis of freshwater fishes of China. Jiangsu Science and Technology Publishing House i-v + 1-549. (Ref. 45679)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00603 (0.00260 - 0.01395), b=3.03 (2.83 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .