Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 23°C - 25°C (Ref. 2060)
Asia: Viet Nam, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia. Reported from India and Myanmar (Ref. 4832) and Bangladesh (Ref. 1479).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7050)
Body depth 7-11 times into total length; entirely plain color pattern (Ref. 12693).
Lives in streams with muddy bottom, among shore vegetation or leaf litter (Ref. 56749). Found near the bottom in sluggish parts of rapidly flowing streams. Usually occurs as scattered individuals over sand substrates in fairly shallow water. Probably spawns in flooded forests in very shallow water. Feeds mainly on benthic invertebrates. Not fished commercially (Ref. 12693), but used as food for caged fishes (Ref. 56749).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M., A.J. Whitten, S.N. Kartikasari and S. Wirjoatmodjo, 1993. Freshwater fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi. Periplus Editions, Hong Kong. 221 p. (Ref. 7050)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00525 (0.00241 - 0.01141), b=3.05 (2.87 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.37 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .