Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Paedocyprididae
Etymology: Paedocypris: Name from the Greek words 'Paideios' meaning children and 'Cypris' for Venus,
common suffix for cyprinid genera; gender feminine.; carbunculus: Derived from the Latin carbunculus (gemstone ruby), in reference to the ruby in live coloration. More on authors: Britz & Kottelat.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 4.1 - ?; depth range 0 - 2 m (Ref. 78740). Tropical; 29°C - ? (Ref. 78740)
Asia: Borneo, Indonesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 1.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 78740); 1.2 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Distinguished from other members of the genus Paedocypris by the shape of the head blotches. Can be differentiated further from Paedocypris micromegethes by the possession of the following characters: middorsal stripe with chromatophores in three rows (vs. in a single row); head kidney pigment (vs. absence); well developed opercular, subopercular, preopercular and branchiostegal rows, and isthmus gular pigmentation (vs. absence or consisting of only a few chromatophores); chest spots (vs. absence); chest blotch well developed (vs. poorly developed or absent); and preanal larval fin fold in adult females (vs. absence). Can be separated further from Paedocypris progenetica by the presence of median row of the middorsal stripe formed by separated individual chromatophores (vs. chromatophores forming an uninterrupted line) and sparse pigmentation on the upper and lower lips (vs. heavy pigmented lips appearing uniformly black) (Ref. 78740).
Occurs in areas with slow current, usually forming small shoals approximately up to 100-200 individuals, most abundant near or under overhanging structures or submerged vegetation. The type specimen was collected in a small stream, 3-6 m wide and 0.5 to 2 m depth, with substrate ranging from sand to detritus and peat, with flowing blackwater (Ref. 78740).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Britz, R. and M. Kottelat, 2008. Paedocypris carbunculus, a new species of miniature fish from Borneo (Teleostei: Cyprinidontiformes: Cyprinidae). Raffles Bull. Zool. 56(2):415-422. (Ref. 78740)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .