Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Kurtiformes
(Nurseryfishes, cardinalfishes.) > Apogonidae
(Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
Etymology: rubrimacula: From the Latin ruber, red, and macula, spot, in reference to the conspicuous red spot at the midbase of the caudal fin..
More on authors: Randall & Kulbicki.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 33 m (Ref. 33415). Tropical; 22°N - 28°S, 120°E - 178°E
Western Central Pacific: Ryukyu Islands south to Australia; Indonesia (Ref. 90102) east to Fiji Islands (Ref. 56673).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 3.5  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 33415); max. reported age: 4 years (Ref. 56673)
soft rays: 8;
Vertebrae: 24. Predorsal scales 4; preopercular edge serrate; preopercular ridge smooth to slightly crenulate; body depth 2.85-3.05 in SL; silvery blue-gray with 6 orange to orange-yellow stripes on head and body, those on body narrower than blue-gray interspaces; third orange-yellow stripe from dorsal edge of eye ending below space between dorsal fins; midlateral orange-yellow stripe ending in a red spot at base of caudal fin (Ref. 33415).
Inhabit coral reef (Ref. 75154). Form small aggregations (Ref. 33415). Distinguished from A. cyanosoma by the presence of a single red spot at the midbase of the caudal fin, a higher number of gill rakers, and apparently a smaller maximum size (Ref. 33415).
Mouthbrooders (Ref. 240). Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).
Randall, J.E. and M. Kulbicki, 1998. Two new cardinalfishes (Perciformes: Apogonidae) of the Apogon cyanosoma complex from the western Pacific, with notes on the status of A. wassinki Bleeker. Rev. Fr. Aquariol. 25(1-2):31-39. (Ref. 33415)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 24.7 - 29.5, mean 28 °C (based on 640 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00550 (0.00225 - 0.01343), b=3.27 (3.06 - 3.48), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Fec = 1,363).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 294 [149, 705] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.11 [0.67, 2.05] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [17.6, 20.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.142 [0.074, 0.279] g/100g ; Selenium = 26.5 [11.7, 58.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 117 [37, 365] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.28 [1.44, 3.57] mg/100g (wet weight);