Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Kurtiformes
(Nurseryfishes, cardinalfishes.) > Apogonidae
(Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
Etymology: pleuron: Name from Greek noun 'pleuron' meaning rib, referring to the dar rib-like markings extending below the mid-line stripe on the body; noun in apposition..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 3 - 91 m (Ref. 58479). Tropical
Indo-West Pacific: India to New Guinea, north to China, south to Indonesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 58479)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8;
Vertebrae: 24. This species is distinguished by the following: 2 brownish stripes on head and body in life, mid-lateral stripe extending to tip of caudal fin, with variable vertical bars from ventral edge beginning just past the pectoral fin, dorsal stripe from snout to over eye, ending about middle of second dorsal fin, but not past the second dorsal-fin base; roof of mouth and upper gill arches are dark; pectoral fin rays 15, rarely 16; well developed gill rakers17-20, rarely 16 or 21; total gill rakers and rudiments 21-23, rarely 19-20; first dorsal spines 7 (Ref. 58479).
Found over open bottom. Sold in fish markets as part of trawl catches and utilized as food in the Philippines and India (Ref. 58479). Solitary or in small groups (Ref 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Fraser, T.H., 2005. A review of the species in the Apogon fasciatus group with a description of a new species of cardinalfish from the Indo-West Pacific (Perciformes: Apogonidae). Zootaxa 924:1-30. (Ref. 58479)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.2 - 29.1, mean 28.3 °C (based on 1438 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.00559 - 0.02969), b=3.10 (2.92 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .