Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Sciaenidae
(Drums or croakers)
Etymology: Odontoscion: Greek, odous = teeth + Greek, skion, skiaina = barbel, red mullet (Ref. 45335). More on author: Gilbert.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; pelagic-neritic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 30°N -
Eastern Pacific: Gulf of California to Peru.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9118); common length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9118)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Body elongate and moderately compressed; snout prominent; lower jaw slightly prominent, with one pair of larger canine teeth; remaining teeth set in narrow bands; edge of preopercle slightly serrate; lower branch of first gill arch with 14 to 16 gill rakers; body silvery; back metallic blue; flanks striped, sometimes indistinctly; fins pale with dark tips (Ref. 55763).
Found in shallow water, entering estuaries and river mouths (Ref. 9118). Forms schools (Ref. 9118). Feeds mainly on crustaceans and pelagic fishes (Ref. 9118).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Chao, L.N., 1995. Sciaenidae. Corvinas, barbiches, bombaches, corvinatas, corvinetas, corvinillas, lambes, pescadillas, roncachos, verrugatos. p. 1427-1518. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para identificacion de especies para los fines de la pesca. Pacifico Centro-oriental. 3 volumes. 1813 p. (Ref. 9118)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 21.2 - 28.5, mean 25.9 °C (based on 52 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00433 - 0.01835), b=3.07 (2.90 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.55 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 191 [94, 385] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.89 [1.00, 3.51] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.9 [16.6, 19.3] % ; Omega3 = 0.61 [0.26, 1.42] g/100g ; Selenium = 44.2 [20.0, 94.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 38 [11, 116] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.59 [1.01, 2.56] mg/100g (wet weight);