Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Notothenioidei
() > Nototheniidae
(Cod icefishes) > Nototheniinae
Etymology: Nototheniops: Greek, noton = filament + Greek, adverbial particle, then, that denotes distance or removal + Greek, opsis = appearance (Ref. 45335); nybelini: Named in honor of Orvar Nybelin, well-known Swedish ichthyologist (Ref. 11892).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 90 - 400 m (Ref. 11892). Deep-water
Southeast Pacific: Chile (Ref. 9068). Southern Ocean: Peter I Island, South Shetland, South Orkney Islands, and Antarctic Archipelago.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11892)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Miller, R.G., 1993. A history and atlas of the fishes of the Antarctic Ocean. Foresta Institute, Nevada. 792 p. (Ref. 11892)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 0.1 - 7.4, mean 0.9 °C (based on 21 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00320 - 0.01497), b=3.17 (2.99 - 3.35), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .