Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Beloniformes
(Needle fishes) > Zenarchopteridae
Etymology: Nomorhamphus: Greek, nema = filament + Greek, rhamphos = bill, peak (Ref. 45335); lanceolatus: From the late Latin adjective lanceolatus, meaning lanceolate, in reference to the shape of the spiculus of the new species.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic; depth range 0 - ? m. Tropical
Asia: Sungai Wawolambo in Sulawesi Tenggara, Indonesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 97329); 5.4 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 15 - 16;
Vertebrae: 36 - 38. Nomorhamphus lanceolatus can be distinguished from all congeners by the combination of the following characters: lower jaw short; no fleshy lower jaw appendage in males; presence of black pigmentation in anal and dorsal fin; life coloration with yellow and orange colored anal, dorsal, and caudal fin, ventral surface of lower jaw orange and yellow belly; a lanceolate, dorsally slightly curved spiculus in the male andropodium, with the middle segments of the spiculus in contact with the distal tip of the third anal-fin ray; nine to ten segments proximal to spinae (mode nine segments); segments three or four to six or seven (mode four to seven) of second anal-fin ray in males with a dorsal and a ventral row of 'subsegments' forming small squares and rectangles of different sizes, so that these segments seem to be subdivided; third anal-fin ray slightly constricted longitudinally, giving the appearance of two distinct rays, distal part of this ray is slightly curved ventrally to contact spiculus (Ref. 97329).
Occurs in a stream of about 7-9 m wide and 50 cm deep, partially shaded by forest canopy, with a bed of sand and gravel (Ref. 97329).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Huylebrouck, J., R.K. Hadiaty and F. Herder, 2014. Two new species of viviparous halfbreaks (Atherinomorpha: Beloniformes: Zenarchopteridae) endemic to Sulawesi Tenggara, Indonesia. Raffles Bulleting of Zoology 62:200-209. (Ref. 97329)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00427 (0.00182 - 0.01001), b=3.02 (2.81 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .