Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Centrarchiformes
(Basses) > Kyphosidae
Etymology: Neoscorpis: Greek, neos = new + Greek, skorpis = a kind of fish (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Gilchrist & Thompson.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C - ; 25°S - 35°S, 18°E - 34°E
Western Indian Ocean: Inhaca Island, Mozambique to False Bay, South Africa (Ref. 4371).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 30.0, range 27 - ? cm
Max length : 50.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9403); common length : 18.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9403); max. published weight: 2.6 kg (Ref. 4362)
Inhabits coastal waters with rocky substrate. Feeds on algae and the associated invertebrates (Ref. 5213).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
van der Elst, R., 1981. A guide to the common sea fishes of southern Africa. C. Struik, Cape Town. 367 p. (Ref. 3670)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 18 - 25, mean 21.9 °C (based on 61 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01622 (0.00697 - 0.03772), b=3.01 (2.81 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.25 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 4.9 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.22; tmax=10, but probably greater).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (42 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 65.6 [37.7, 131.3] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.09 [0.73, 1.81] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.9 [17.9, 19.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.291 [0.185, 0.455] g/100g ; Selenium = 30.2 [15.8, 58.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 6.71 [2.16, 20.92] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.773 [0.522, 1.112] mg/100g (wet weight);