Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Blenniiformes
(Blennies) > Chaenopsidae
(Pike-, tube- and flagblennies)
Etymology: Neoclinus: Greek,neos = new + Greek, klinein, kline = sloping and bed, due to the four apophyses of sphenoid bone (Ref. 45335); blanchardi: Neoclinus is formed from 2 Greek words meaning "new Clinus"; blanchardi honors S.B. Blanchard, who discovered the species in San Diego and passed it on to Girard, its describer (Ref. 43439).
More on author: Girard.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 3 - 73 m (Ref. 43439). Subtropical; 38°N - 27°N, 123°W - 114°W
Eastern Pacific: San Francisco in California, USA to central Baja California, Mexico.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850); max. reported age: 6 years (Ref. 43439)
Usually occurs on exposed coast, on sand or hard mud bottom below low tide, rarer in bays. Usually found inside objects, especially mollusk shells, clam burrows and bottles. Demersal spawners in nearshore habitats (Ref. 56049). Female deposits eggs in clam burrows or under rocks, male guards them.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Females lay eggs in abandoned boring clam holes, under rocks, in beer containers, and other containers. Males guard the eggs until they hatch (Ref. 43439).
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 9.7 - 19, mean 14.5 °C (based on 20 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00468 (0.00184 - 0.01190), b=3.08 (2.86 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.2 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tmax=6).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100).