Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes
(Ground sharks) > Triakidae
(Houndsharks) > Triakinae
Etymology: Mustelus: Latin for weasel, an ancient name for sharks, possibly referring to the pointed snouts, swift movements and/or rapacious feeding behavior of smaller predatory sharks [strictly not tautonymous with Squalus mustelus Linnaeus 1758 since type was designated by the ICZN]. (See ETYFish); asterias: Starry, referring to many small white spots on dorsal (upper) surface of body. (See ETYFish).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 350 m (Ref. 6808). Temperate; 61°N - 16°N, 19°W - 36°E
Northeast Atlantic: British Isles and North Sea to Canary Islands, including the Mediterranean and Mauritania.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 80.0, range 85 - ? cm
Max length : 140 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 244); max. published weight: 4.8 kg (Ref. 4699)
A common inshore and offshore shark found on the continental and insular shelves from the intertidal down to at least 100 m. Prefers sandy and gravelly bottom. Feeds primarily on crustaceans (crabs, hermit crabs, lobsters and slipper lobsters). Ovoviviparous (aplacental), with 7 to 15 young per litter. Size at birth about 30 cm. Utilized fresh and dried salted.
Ovoviviparous, embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449).
Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 244)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 7 - 16.2, mean 10.1 °C (based on 587 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00174 (0.00145 - 0.00209), b=3.13 (3.08 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.3 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 7.5 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (tm=2-3; Fec=7).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (70 of 100).
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): Moderate to high vulnerability (49 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 11.2 [2.2, 42.5] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.15 [0.05, 0.56] mg/100g ; Protein = 20.9 [18.5, 23.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.208 [0.088, 0.496] g/100g ; Selenium = 25.8 [7.4, 91.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 5.78 [2.15, 14.26] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.403 [0.184, 0.857] mg/100g (wet weight);