Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes
(Flatfishes) > Bothidae
Etymology: Monolene: Greek, monos = one + Greek, lenos, ou = cavity in the skull (Ref. 45335). More on author: Goode.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 150 - 550 m (Ref. 5217). Deep-water; 42°N - 6°S, 94°W - 34°W
Western Atlantic: Canada (Ref. 5951) to Georges Bank and northern Gulf of Mexico to northern Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251); common length : 14.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217)
Found on soft bottoms (Ref. 5217).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 9.9 - 21, mean 14.4 (based on 67 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00794 (0.00369 - 0.01711), b=3.08 (2.89 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tmax>3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .