Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes
(Cods) > Melanonidae
Etymology: Melanonus: Greek, melan, -anos = black Greek, onos = hake.
More on author: Norman.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 991 - 3000 m (Ref. 58302). Deep-water; 60°N - 49°S, 81°W - 153°W
Atlantic, Indian and Pacific: in tropical and temperate waters but rare in the temperate northeast Atlantic.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 28.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 47377); common length : 26.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6525)
soft rays: 50 - 61. Pale to dark brown in color (Ref. 6607). Teeth on upper jaw in three rows, median row enlarged, needle-like teeth; a pair of enlarged teeth near symphysis; lower jaw teeth biserial, inner row enlarged; vomerine and palatine teeth in a single row (Ref. 13608).
Oceanic, meso- (Ref. 6525) and bathypelagic (Ref. 58302). Minimum depth from Ref. 58018.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Cohen, D.M., 1990. Melanonidae. p. 540. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 6525)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 2.4 - 5.3, mean 3.3 °C (based on 1892 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00363 (0.00140 - 0.00941), b=3.09 (2.87 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (18 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 36.7 [16.2, 81.8] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.468 [0.232, 0.888] mg/100g ; Protein = 17 [16, 18] % ; Omega3 = 0.274 [0.129, 0.547] g/100g ; Selenium = 14.1 [5.6, 35.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 15.5 [3.5, 68.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.634 [0.411, 0.998] mg/100g (wet weight);