Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Zoarcoidei
(Eelpouts and pricklebacks) > Zoarcidae
(Eelpouts) > Lycodinae
Etymology: Lycodes: Greek, lykos = wolf + Greek, suffix, oides = similar to (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 39 - 1200 m (Ref. 117245), usually 71 - ? m (Ref. 117245). Deep-water; 0°C - 5°C (Ref. 35388); 74°N - 61°N, 72°W - 45°W (Ref. 117245)
Arctic to Northwest Atlantic: Canada to Greenland.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 52.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4695); common length : 27.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4695)
Dorsal fin without depression, front end with 0-3 black - brown spots. Lateral line runs near the anal fin (Ref. 35388).
Lives at temperature of 0-5°C. Off Greenland it measures 50 cm and off Scandinavia rarely over 25-30 cm (Ref. 35388). Benthic (Ref. 58426). Feeds mostly on endobenthic prey, with shrimps and euphausiids becoming the more prominent prey as the size increases (Ref. 13532). Prefers warmer waters (Ref. 13534). Large eggs of 6 mm diameter are deposited on the sea floor.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Anderson, M.E., 1994. Systematics and osteology of the Zoarcidae (Teleostei: Perciformes). Ichthyol. Bull. J.L.B. Smith Inst. Ichthyol. 60:120 p. (Ref. 11954)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 1.4 - 5.6, mean 3.2 °C (based on 263 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00129 (0.00055 - 0.00304), b=3.10 (2.90 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.42 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (62 of 100) .