Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Zoarcoidei
(Eelpouts and pricklebacks) > Zoarcidae
(Eelpouts) > Lycodinae
Etymology: Lycodes: Greek, lykos = wolf + Greek, suffix, oides = similar to (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range - 300 m (Ref. 117245), usually 4 - m (Ref. 117245). Polar; 0°C - ; 82°N - 46°N, 35°E - 44°W (Ref. 117245)
Nearly circumpolar along Arctic coasts of Asia and North America. North Pacific: northern part of Bering Sea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4695)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 90 - 93. Pelvic fins small (Ref. 4695). 9-11 light cross-bands separated by slightly broader dark bands; peritoneum light (Ref. 4695).
Found on muddy bottoms (Ref. 4695). Buries into the mud tail first (Ref. 4695). Benthic (Ref. 58426). Feeds on small benthic invertebrates (Ref. 4695); mainly of amphipods (Ref. 5951).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Andriashev, A.P., 1986. Zoarcidae. p. 1130-1150. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. volume 3. UNESCO, Paris. (Ref. 4695)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): -1.6 - 1.6, mean -0.9 °C (based on 2244 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00269 (0.00173 - 0.00418), b=3.17 (3.04 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.36 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100) .