Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Lutjanidae
(Snappers) > Lutjaninae
Etymology: Lutjanus: Malay, ikan lutjan, name of a fish.
More on authors: Quoy & Gaimard.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 10 - 36 m (Ref. 9710). Tropical; 20°N - 26°S, 118°E - 146°W (Ref. 55)
Western Pacific: mainly southern Oceania from Tahiti to New Guinea, and extending northward to the Philippines. Uncommon except in the Caroline Islands (Ref. 9710).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55); common length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55)
soft rays: 8 - 9. Dorsal profile of head moderately sloped. Preorbital width about equal to eye diameter or slightly greater. Preopercular notch and knob poorly developed. Scale rows on back rising obliquely above lateral line. Generally pink, grading to white on lower half of the body. A series of seven narrow brown bars extend from the back to about half way down the side. A big black blotch is on the peduncle and the adjacent caudal-fin base (Ref. 469). Body depth 2.6-3.1 in SL (Ref. 90102).
Adults inhabit coral reefs where it usually occurs singly or in small groups. A shy species that moves around quickly through coral channels in hunt for small fishes (Ref. 48635).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Allen, G.R., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 55)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 26.4 - 28.9, mean 28 °C (based on 154 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01318 (0.00760 - 0.02286), b=3.04 (2.90 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.1 ±0.68 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (19 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 50.7 [33.4, 79.0] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.421 [0.275, 0.684] mg/100g ; Protein = 19 [18, 20] % ; Omega3 = 0.16 [0.11, 0.23] g/100g ; Selenium = 76.5 [45.9, 126.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 111 [21, 383] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.545 [0.387, 0.952] mg/100g (wet weight);