Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Lophiiformes
(Anglerfishes) > Oneirodidae
Etymology: Lophodolos: Greek, 'lopho' or 'lophio' = mane, crest or tuft + Greek, 'dolos' = artifice, deceit or guile (describing a deceitful little fish that beguiles its prey with a baited illicium) (Ref. 86949).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 750 - 1625 m (Ref. 26282), usually - m (Ref. ). Deep-water; 0°C -
Tropical parts of all oceans.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.7 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 5 - 7. Distinguishing characteristics of metamorphosed female: length of illicium greater than 25% SL in specimens 30 mm and larger; escal bulb width 2.1-4.0% SL in specimens 25 mm and larger; short escal appendages, length 1.2-5.0% SL in specimens 25 mm and larger, 4.2-10.5% SL in specimens less than 25mm; short sphenotic spine, length 1.9-6.0% SL in specimens 30 mm and larger; short quadrate spine, length 1.6-5.0% SL in specimens 30mm and larger (Ref. 86949).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Bertelsen, E., 1990. Oneirodidae. p. 498-507. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post, and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 10524)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 2 - 4.6, mean 3.9 °C (based on 75 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .