Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Lophiiformes
(Anglerfishes) > Linophrynidae
Etymology: Linophryne: Greek, 'linon' = flax or anything made of flax such as "cord," "rope," or a "net" + Greek, 'phryne' = "toad" (refers to a toadlike fish that fishes with a net) (Ref. 86949).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range - 1220 m (Ref. 86949), usually - m (Ref. ). Deep-water; 0°C -
Southeast Atlantic: known only from a single specimen taken east of Port Alfred, South Africa.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.4 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 3. Metamorphosed females distinguished by the following characteristics: globular escal bulb, with short, truncated, distal prolongation without appendages, and a pair of posterolateral appendages, each consisting of a tapering stem about equal in length to diameter of escal bulb, bearing distal cluster of short, highly branched filaments; barbel divided near base into a median and 2 lateral primary branches, each with about 7 secondary branches, each in turn with varying numbers of filamentous tertiary branches and bearing a single distal photophore; lateral primary branches 44% SL, forming symmetrical pair with secondary branches of decreasing length, spaced along their length; caudal peduncle with ventrolateral series of large subdermal melanophores (Ref. 86949).
Known only from a single specimen taken from a depth between 1,200-1220 m. Males parasitic on females.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Heemstra, P.C., 1995. Additions and corrections for the 1995 impression. p. v-xv. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Revised Edition of Smiths' Sea Fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 11228)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .