Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Trichiuridae
(Cutlassfishes) > Lepidopinae
Etymology: Lepidopus: Greek, lepis = scale + Greek, pous = foot (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 20 - 500 m (Ref. 10818). Tropical; 2°N - 18°S, 4°E - 14°E (Ref. 6181)
Eastern Atlantic: equator to 14°30'S.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 43.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6181)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 48 - 53;
Vertebrae: 91 - 96. Upper head profile slightly convex, rising gently from snout to nape; posterior confluence of frontal ridges before rear margin of orbits. Orbits nearly touching upper profile, interorbital space strongly convex. Pelvic fins reduced to 1 scale-like spine and 1 - 2 tiny soft rays. Pyloric caeca 13. Color is silvery; edges of jaws and opercle blackish.
Juveniles epipelagic to mesopelagic from 20 to 220 m (Ref. 6181).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Nakamura, I. and N.V. Parin, 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 15. Snake mackerels and cutlassfishes of the world (families Gempylidae and Trichiuridae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the snake mackerels, snoeks, escolars, gemfishes, sackfishes, domine, oilfish, cutlassfishes,. scabbardfishes, hairtails, and frostfishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(15):136 p. (Ref. 6181)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 13.2 - 17.3, mean 15.4 °C (based on 19 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00141 (0.00056 - 0.00358), b=3.12 (2.90 - 3.34), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .