Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cobitidae
Etymology: Lepidocephalus: Greek, lepis = scale + Greek, kephale = head (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Lepidocephalus pahangensis (de Beaufort, 1933) and Lepidocephalus pallens (Vaillant, 1902) are valid species (Ref. 95334)
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Asia: Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7050)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 7 - 8. This species can be easily diagnosed from Lepidocephalus spectrum by the presence of eyes and dark pigment on the body, and absence of tubules along the lateral line; from L. pahangensis by the presence of scales on top of the head; from L. pallens by having the dorsal-fin origin well behind (vs. over) the pelvic-fin origin (predorsal length 65.0-69.3 vs. 59.9% SL); and from L. nanensis by having a shorter snout (3.9-5.1 vs. 5.6-7.4% SL; 23.3-27.1 vs. 28.6-38.1% HL). This species further differs from L. pahangensis in having 8 (vs. 9) branched dorsal-fin rays and 5-6 (vs. 4) branched anal-fin rays, and from L. pallens, L. pahangensis and L. spectrum in having a shorter head (16.6-18.8 vs. 23.2, 21.8, and 21.3-23.2% SL respectively) (Ref. 95334).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Roberts, T.R., 1989. The freshwater fishes of Western Borneo (Kalimantan Barat, Indonesia). Mem. Calif. Acad. Sci. 14:210 p. (Ref. 2091)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00525 (0.00241 - 0.01141), b=3.05 (2.87 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .