Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range - 100 m (Ref. 9563), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C - ; 26°S - 29°S
Southwest Pacific: Endemic to Australia (Ref. 7300), but also reported from New Zealand (Ref. 38927).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9563)
A temperate, benthic species inhabiting rocky reefs and soft bottoms on the continental shelf (Ref. 7300, 9563).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Paxton, J.R. and V.H. Niem, 1999. Aulopidae: aulopus. p. 1919-1920. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 3. Batoid fishes, chimaeras and bony fishes. Part 1 (Elopidae to Linophrynidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 39808)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00447 (0.00187 - 0.01067), b=3.12 (2.91 - 3.33), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.66 se; based on food items.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 35.9 [13.4, 82.5] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.762 [0.355, 1.400] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.5 [14.4, 20.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.123 [0.043, 0.290] g/100g ; Selenium = 23 [10, 55] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 25.7 [5.5, 94.4] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.786 [0.474, 1.238] mg/100g (wet weight);