Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae
Etymology: Labrus: Name from Latin 'labrum' for lip, rim or edge; referring to the big lips of the fishes of the genus (from Ovid and Pliny according to Petrus Artedi)..
More on author: Linnaeus.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated. Subtropical; 46°N - 20°N, 32°W - 36°E
Eastern Atlantic: Portugal to Morocco and Azores. Also in the Mediterranean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 17.5, range 15 - 20 cm
Max length : 45.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4742); common length : 40.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4742); max. reported age: 17 years (Ref. 4742)
Adults are found around rocks and seaweeds. Sometime schooling, more solitary when older. Feed on sea urchins, ophiuroids, mollusks, crabs and worms. They reach maturity when 2 years old (15-20 cm). Spawn during February to May in western Mediterranean (Ref. 4742). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Males build dish shaped nests and guard the eggs (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Males build dish shaped nests and guard the eggs (Ref. 205).
Bauchot, M.-L., 1987. Poissons osseux. p. 891-1421. In W. Fischer, M.L. Bauchot and M. Schneider (eds.) Fiches FAO d'identification pour les besoins de la pêche. (rev. 1). Méditerranée et mer Noire. Zone de pêche 37. Vol. II. Commission des Communautés Européennes and FAO, Rome. (Ref. 3397)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 17.6 - 21.3, mean 19.2 °C (based on 465 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00803 - 0.01136), b=3.07 (3.02 - 3.12), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.22-0.36; tmax=17).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): Very high vulnerability (82 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 29 [16, 56] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.793 [0.474, 1.401] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.5 [16.7, 21.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.205 [0.124, 0.337] g/100g ; Selenium = 18.2 [9.8, 32.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 53 [16, 197] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.01 [0.66, 1.88] mg/100g (wet weight);