Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Labeo: Latin, labeo = one who has large lips (Ref. 45335); macrostoma: From the Greek macros meaning big, large and stoma meaning mouth (Ref. 12456). More on author: Boulenger.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 0° - 10°S
Africa: lower Congo River basin in Democratic Republic of the Congo (Ref. 26192). Also reported from Stanley-Pool (Ref. 2801). Other reports (Cameroon, Kwango and Kasai rivers in Angola, Aruwimi, middle Congo River and Kasai in Congo DR) are questionable and need confirmation. Mostly in rapid water habitats, e.g. cataracts of Yelala and Kinsuka.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 73.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2801)
Vertebrae: 32. Lips with transverse plicae on inner surface; upper edge of dorsal fin concave, eyes superolateral, snout very prominent and very large; two pairs of barbels present (Ref. 12456).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Tshibwabwa, S.M. and G.G. Teugels, 1995. Contribution to the systematic revision of the African cyprinid fish genus Labeo: species from the Lower Zaire river system. J. Nat. Hist. 29:1543-1579. (Ref. 12456)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00304 - 0.01573), b=3.07 (2.90 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (60 of 100) .