Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Centrarchiformes
(Basses) > Kyphosidae
Etymology: Kyphosus: Greek, kyphos = bent (Ref. 45335); hawaiiensis: Named for its range of distribution, Hawaii Islands and adjacent waters.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - m (Ref. 58302), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Central Pacific: Hawaiian and probably in the Line Island groups (Ref. 86689).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 41.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55727)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 11;
Vertebrae: 26. This species is distinguished by the following characters: body oval, deep and well compressed; mouth terminal, slightly oblique ventrally and the anterior tip o upper jaw bluntly pointed; incisiform teeth; scales on interorbital region; caudal fin emarginate, shallow; D XI,12; A III,11, anterior part of anal-fin soft-rayed portion well elevated; the longest anal-fin soft ray (second) longer than the longest dorsal-fin spine (sixth); gill rakers on lower limb of first arch on the external side 5-6 upper limb, 13-16 lower limb; pectoral fin long and broad, with 18-19 (mode 18) soft rays; pelvic fin when depressed almost reaching the anus (19.3-20.8%SL); total lateral line with 67-78 scale rows, pored scales 54-63; longitudinal row with 64-68 scale rows; vertebrae: precaudal 10, caudal 16; pterygiophores: dorsal 21 and anal 12 (Ref. 95491).
Benthopelagic in shallow water, in the surge zone near coral and rocky reefs (Ref. 58302).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Knudsen, S.W. and K.D. Clements, 2013. Revision of the fish family Kyphosidae (Teleostei: Perciformes). Zootaxa 3751(1):001-101. (Ref. 95491)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01738 (0.00721 - 0.04190), b=3.01 (2.80 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 36.6 [20.6, 62.8] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.605 [0.394, 1.002] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.5 [17.3, 19.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.101 [0.062, 0.161] g/100g ; Selenium = 34 [16, 67] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 29 [7, 113] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.27 [0.83, 1.93] mg/100g (wet weight);