Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Centrarchiformes
(Basses) > Kuhliidae
Etymology: Kuhlia: Because of Heindrich Kuhl, 1797-1821; researcher also with lizards (Gekkonidae). More on author: Schultz.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 0 - 6 m (Ref. 89972). Tropical
Eastern Central Pacific: known only from the Phoenix, Marquesas, and Malden Islands. Possibly in other southern Line Islands and in the northern Cook Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 41640)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 11 - 12. Preorbital serrae 11-20; body depth 2.6-3.1 in SL; maxilla ending beneath anterior third of eye; caudal concavity 2.0-2.4 in head length. Silvery, front of snout and chin a little blackish; naked part of caudal fin black with a large C-shaped, white marking basally in each lobe, the lobe tips white; outer part of anterior half of soft portion of dorsal fin broadly blackish (nearly half of first few rays and adjacent membranes blackish) (Ref. 41640).
Feeds on zooplanktons (Ref. 89972).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E. and H.A. Randall, 2001. Review of the fishes of the genus Kuhlia (Perciformes: Kuhliidae) of the Central Pacific. Pac. Sci. 55(3):227-256. (Ref. 41640)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 27.7 - 29, mean 28.1 °C (based on 105 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01413 (0.00602 - 0.03315), b=3.06 (2.85 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .