Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Kurtiformes
(Nurseryfishes, cardinalfishes.) > Apogonidae
(Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
More on author: Weber.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 18 - 86 m (Ref. 75154), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Western Central Pacific: northern Australia, from the Exmouth Gulf, Western Australia to the Gulf of Carpentaria, Queensland. Recently reported from Indonesia (Ref. 47567).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36661)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Found on the continental shelf (Ref. 75154). Also seen in sand/rubble bottoms among rocks, gorgonians and sponges (Ref 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Mouthbrooders (Ref. 240 ). Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).
Fraser, T.H., 2000. A new species of Apogon (Perciformes: Apogonidae) from the Saya de Malha Bank, Indian Ocean, with redescriptions of Apogon regani Whitley, 1951, A. gardineri Regan, 1908, and A. heraldi (Herre, 1943). Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 113(1):249-263. (Ref. 37581)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 23.7 - 28.5, mean 27.2 °C (based on 225 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00690 - 0.03171), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .