Holocephali (chimaeras) > Chimaeriformes
(Chimaeras) > Chimaeridae
(Shortnose chimaeras or ratfishes)
Etymology: Hydrolagus: Greek, hydr = water + Greek, lagos = hare (Ref. 45335); alphus: The specific name, alphus (Latin, adj.), means white spot on the skin and is in reference to a key characteristic found in this species.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 600 - 900 m (Ref. 57721). Tropical
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Eastern Central Pacific: Galapagos Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 41.9 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57721); 48.0 cm TL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Assigned to the genus Hydrolagus based upon the absence of an anal fin. Hydrolagus alphus is distinguished by being medium in size (average PCL 321 mm) and uniform dark brown in color with a distinct white spot (4%-6% BDL) on the lateral side above the pectoral fins. Paired fins with bluish hue and white margins. The dorsal spine longer than triangular shaped first dorsal fin and extends beyond the origin of the second dorsal fin when depressed. Eyes large (40.8–44.5% HDL) and pectoral fins reaching to or beyond insertion of pelvic fins when depressed. Pelvic claspers small, not extending beyond distal edge of pelvic fin, and divided distally for one half their length with slender fleshy denticulate tips. The base of second dorsal fin is long, deeply depressed and light colored in the center, anterior and posterior regions dark, considerably greater in height than the white middle region (Ref. 57721).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Quaranta, K.L., D.A. Didier, D.J. Long and D.A. Ebert, 2006. A new species of chimaeroid, Hydrolagus alphus sp. nov.(Chimaeriformes: Chimaeridae) from the Galapagos Islands. Zootaxa 1377:33-45. (Ref. 57721)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 3.7 - 7, mean 5.7 °C (based on 7 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00309 (0.00126 - 0.00759), b=3.10 (2.89 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .