Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Leuciscidae
(Minnows) > Pogonichthyinae
Etymology: Hybognathus: Greek, ybos, -e, -on = curved + Greek, gnathos = jaw; with bulging jaw (Ref. 45335). More on author: Hubbs.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Temperate; 58°N - 37°N
North America: St. Lawrence River and Lake Champlain drainages in Quebec, Canada and in Vermont, USA; across Great Lakes, Hudson Bay and Missouri-upper Mississippi River basins of southern Canada and northern USA south to Missouri and Colorado; Mackenzie River system (Arctic basin) in Alberta, Canada; Fraser River system (Pacific Slope) in British Columbia, Canada.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 5.7  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.7 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86798); common length : 7.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193)
Occurs in cool pools of sluggish, clear creeks and small rivers, usually over sand or gravel; more abundant in cool acid waters of silt-bottomed bog ponds (Ref. 1998). Probably feeds on phytoplankton and other algae, zooplankton, and aquatic insects (Ref. 1998). Oviparous, open substratum spawners (Ref. 205, 52559). Probably spawn in May or June over silty bottoms of calm waters (Ref. 1998). Predators may include brook trout, kingfishers, and mergansers (Ref. 1998).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00501 (0.00236 - 0.01065), b=3.13 (2.95 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.40 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=1-2).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .