Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 135 - 180 m (Ref. 7434), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Southwest Pacific: Endemic to Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 19.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7434)
Morphology | Morphometrics
A benthic species (Ref. 75154) which occurs over soft bottoms of the continental shelf (Ref. 7300, 75154).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Paxton, J.R. and V.H. Niem, 1999. Aulopidae: aulopus. p. 1919-1920. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 3. Batoid fishes, chimaeras and bony fishes. Part 1 (Elopidae to Linophrynidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 39808)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 19.8 - 23.3, mean 21.1 °C (based on 7 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5020 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00447 (0.00187 - 0.01067), b=3.12 (2.91 - 3.33), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .