Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae
(Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Halichoeres: Greek, als, alis = salt + Greek, choiros = pig (Ref. 45335). More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range - 10 m (Ref. 9311), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 32°N -
Eastern Pacific: Bahía Magdalena, Mexico south to Peru, including the Galapagos Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.4 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5592); common length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763)
Common in shallow waters, especially where brown algae exists (Ref. 9311). Diet consists of crustaceans, sea urchins, mollusks, and brittle stars. It loses its blue-green coloration, turns dull brown in captivity.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Thomson, D.A., 1987. Reef fishes of the Sea of Cortez. The rocky-shore fishes of the Gulf of California. The University of Arizona Press, Tucson. 302 p. (Ref. 5592)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 22.4 - 29.1, mean 26.8 °C (based on 245 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00473 - 0.02115), b=3.08 (2.91 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.43 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 60.8 [37.8, 112.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.637 [0.375, 1.076] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.7 [15.9, 21.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.15 [0.10, 0.22] g/100g ; Selenium = 33.5 [19.8, 53.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 103 [36, 318] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.53 [1.08, 2.70] mg/100g (wet weight);