Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 20 m (Ref. 33839). Temperate
Eastern Indian Ocean and Southeast Pacific: Western Australia, Kermadec Island and Easter Island.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 33839)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8. White with mostly oblique, black bands; three short bands across forehead; prominent band from each eye to pectoral fin base, second from nape to pectoral fin base, third angled downward from dorsal fin origin and fading behind pectoral fin, fourth arising on center of spinous portion of dorsal fin and tapering as it follows dorsal profile of body to upper side of caudal peduncle; pectoral fins yellow; other fins greyish with darker margins (Ref. 33839).
Inhabits shallow protected reef and sandy areas, sometimes entering estuaries (Ref. 33839).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Gomon, M.F., C.J.M. Glover and R.H. Kuiter (eds.), 1994. The fishes of Australia's south coast. State Print, Adelaide. 992 p. (Ref. 33839)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 15.3 - 23.3, mean 17.9 °C (based on 211 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01230 (0.00553 - 0.02735), b=3.02 (2.83 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.25 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 19.8 [8.5, 41.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.324 [0.167, 0.632] mg/100g ; Protein = 18 [16, 20] % ; Omega3 = 0.648 [0.271, 1.604] g/100g ; Selenium = 9.52 [3.55, 24.72] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 50.8 [10.4, 249.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1 [1, 2] mg/100g (wet weight);