Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gobiiformes
(Gobies) > Gobiidae
(Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Gobius: Latin, gobius = gudgeon (Ref. 45335); salamansa: The epithet salamansa refers to the village
of Salamansa, on the north of the island of Sa˜o Vicente,
Cap Verde, the type locality.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 1 m (Ref. 110231). Tropical; 24°C - 24°C (Ref. 110231); 17°N - 16°N
East Central Atlantic: Cape Verde: Known only in the Bay of Salamansa at São Vicente, at the time of description.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 110231)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 9. The new species is characterized by a unique character among the gobiids: (1) an additional posterior ocular head pore, newly named a’, and connected to pore a by a suborbital branch of the anterior oculoscapular canal; (2) a distinctive multi-colored (white, red, black, yellow and brown) eyespot, located on the first dorsal fin.
Known only by 2 specimens at the date of the description.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Iglésias, S.P., L. Frotté and D.Y. Sellos, 2016. Gobius salamansa, a new species of goby (Gobiidae) from the Cape Verde Islands supported by a unique cephalic lateral line system and DNA barcoding. Ichthyol. Res. 63(3):356-369. (Ref. 110231)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00832 (0.00274 - 0.02524), b=3.07 (2.82 - 3.32), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .