Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Osmeriformes
(Smelts) > Argentinidae
(Argentines or herring smelts)
Etymology: Glossanodon: Greek, glossa = tongue + Greek, anodos = without teeth (Ref. 45335). More on author: Valenciennes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal. Deep-water; 45°N - 20°N, 18°W - 17°E
Eastern Atlantic: southern Spain to Cape Blanc in Mauritania including western Mediterranean.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397); common length : 10.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397)
Found on the outer continental shelf and upper slope, probably near the bottom. Feeds on pelagic crustaceans. Spawns from winter to spring in the Mediterranean (Ref. 4773).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Cohen, D.M., 1990. Argentinidae. p. 235-238. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4458)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 7.6 - 13.8, mean 13 °C (based on 109 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00339 (0.00197 - 0.00582), b=3.21 (3.06 - 3.36), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.50 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tmax>3).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .