Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes
(Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Fundulidae
(Topminnows and killifishes)
Etymology: Fundulus: Latin, fundus = bottom; a peculiar name for a topminnow, coined for a bottom species of Atlantic coast being "the abode of the fundulus mudfish" (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Jordan & Gilbert.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic; pH range: 7.5 - 8.5; non-migratory, usually ? - 0 m (Ref. 45978). Tropical; 27°C - 35°C (Ref. 45977)
Western Central Atlantic: northern Gulf coast from southern tip of Florida to Texas in USA.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 2 - ? cm
Max length : 6.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27139)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Concave dorsal profile from tip of snout to front of dorsal fin (Ref. 26938).
Occur from fresh water to hypersaline flats, salt marshes and mangrove areas (Ref. 7251), commonly in shallow water less than 0.3 m in depth (Ref. 45978). Not a seasonal killifish. Is difficult to maintain in aquarium (Ref. 27139).
Ghedotti, M.J. and M.P. Davis, 2013. Phylogeny, classification, and evolution of salinity tolerance of the North American topminnows and killifishes, family Fundulidae (Teleostei: Cypridontiformes). Fieldiana Life and Earth Sciences 7:1-65. (Ref. 93070)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec = 15-40).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .