Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Kurtiformes
(Nurseryfishes, cardinalfishes.) > Apogonidae
(Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
Etymology: Fowleria: Taken from Fowler, ichthyiologist, 1945 (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Alleyne & MacLeay.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range - 37 m (Ref. 57178), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 30°N - 24°S
Indo-Pacific: Red Sea to the Line, Marquesan, and Society islands, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to the southern Great Barrier Reef; throughout Micronesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5525)
soft rays: 8. Reddish brown with about 10 dark bars and reddish fins (Ref. 37816, 48635). A reflective black to bluish grey spot, sometimes rimmed with white, on operculum. Lateral line incomplete (Ref. 48635); characterized further by dark bands radiating from rear eye; incomplete lateral line with 10-13 tubed scales; greatest depth of body 2.7-3.1 in SL (Ref. 90102).
Nocturnal species. Occurs inshore (Ref. 7300) over rocky bottoms (Ref. 1602). Also found in outer reefs in mixed rich coral and algae rubble slopes (Ref. 48635). Solitary and cryptic (Ref 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).
Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.7 - 29.3, mean 28.4 °C (based on 2630 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00690 - 0.03171), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 171 [94, 323] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.966 [0.605, 1.813] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.1 [17.9, 20.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.17 [0.10, 0.30] g/100g ; Selenium = 24 [11, 50] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 76.1 [23.4, 255.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.63 [1.06, 2.51] mg/100g (wet weight);