Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Holocentriformes
(Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Holocentridae
(Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Holocentrinae
Etymology: Neoniphon: Greek, neos = new + Greek, niphon = to snow (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 30 - 188 m (Ref. 89972), usually 40 - 70 m (Ref. 4201). Tropical; 32°N - 24°S
Indo-Pacific: Mauritius, Reunion, and the Comoros to the Hawaiian and Marquesan islands, north to southern Japan, sourth to the Great Barrier Reef (Ref. 37816).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710)
soft rays: 8 - 9. Only species of Neoniphon that has yellow body stripes, 3.5 instead of 2.5 scale rows above the lateral line, and a last dorsal spine that is shorter than the second to the last one.
Benthopelagic in or near crevices or caves at 30-188 m (Ref. 58302); collected from 100-190 m (Ref, 117152). Confined to outer reef slopes (Ref. 1602). Rarely occurring in less than 40 m depth, in current prone areas (Ref. 48635). Solitary or in small groups (Ref 90102). Feeds on crustaceans (Ref. 89972).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E. and C. Heemstra, 1985. A review of the squirrelfishes of the subfamily Holocentrinae from the western Indian Ocean and Red Sea. Ichthyol. Bull. J.L.B. Smith Inst. Ichthyol. (49):1-29. (Ref. 7459)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 21.5 - 28.2, mean 27 °C (based on 122 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01585 (0.00756 - 0.03322), b=2.97 (2.79 - 3.15), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.66 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 89.7 [38.1, 226.1] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.717 [0.336, 1.348] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.3 [18.2, 20.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.173 [0.071, 0.406] g/100g ; Selenium = 38.7 [20.1, 70.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 69.5 [25.9, 184.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.28 [0.78, 2.06] mg/100g (wet weight);