Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Kurtiformes
(Nurseryfishes, cardinalfishes.) > Apogonidae
(Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
Etymology: Fibramia: Latin 'fibra' meaning thread or filament and the feminine Greek 'amia' often applied as an ending for some cardinalfish genera as well as an incorrect past usage as a cardinalfish genus. The name refers to two characteristics of the species in this genus, an elongate second dorsal spine in one species and the narrow, pale or dark mid-line on the body of two species.. More on author: Valenciennes.
Generic placement confirmed by T. Fraser (pers.comm. 06/2011).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; reef-associated; non-migratory (Ref. 59012); depth range 0 - 3 m (Ref. 86942). Tropical; 26°N - 25°S, 32°E - 172°E
Indo-Pacific: East Africa to Tonga, north to Japan; Mariana and Caroline islands in Micronesia; south to Lord Howe Island (Ref. 9710).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710)
soft rays: 8. Silvery, deep-bodied, head profile slightly concave (Ref. 48635). Dark narrow line from angle of opercle to a small spot at caudal base; front and tip of 1st dorsal black in color (Ref. 4329). Greatest depth of body 2.5-2.7 in SL (Ref. 90102).
A euryhaline species (Ref. 59012), common in freshwater and estuaries (Ref. 4329), shallow sheltered inshore reefs or river mouths, among clumps of algae or algal covered rubble. Found in aggregations (Ref. 9710).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Mouthbrooders (Ref. 240). Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).
Mabuchi, K., T.H. Fraser, H. Song, Y. Azuma and M. Nishida, 2014. Revision of the systematics of the cardinalfishes (Percomorpha: Apogonidae) based on molecular analyses and comparative reevaluation of morphological characters. Zootaxa 3846(2):151-203. (Ref. 96888)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.6 - 29.3, mean 28.6 °C (based on 2233 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.00770 - 0.02155), b=3.02 (2.88 - 3.16), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.60 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 180 [82, 346] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.07 [0.59, 2.33] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.1 [16.8, 19.3] % ; Omega3 = 0.34 [0.15, 0.80] g/100g ; Selenium = 24.2 [7.2, 66.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 99.6 [23.2, 396.7] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.83 [1.09, 2.99] mg/100g (wet weight);