Family Mobulidae - Devilrays
  Order
:
Mobulidae
  Class
:
Elasmobranchii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 1 | Species : 11 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : No | Brackish : No | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
  Aquarium
:
  First Fossil Record
:
     
  Remark
:
Distribution: circumglobal in tropical and warm temperate seas. Habitat: mostly pelagic over continental shelves and near offshore islands; often in small to very large groups and mostly observed swiiming neat the water surface. Traits and feeding: vivparous (aplacental), one pup per litter; feed mainly on planktonic organisms sieved from the water using the highly modified branchial filter plates.. Morphology: Medium to very large rays (adults attain 1.1 m to at leaset 7 m in disc width), with a rhomboidal and 'wing-like' disc that is much broader than long; head broad protruding forward anteriorly beyond eye level and with prominent cephalic lobes extending forward on each side; broad trunk depressed and thick; location of eyes and spiracles lateral; mouth very broad, either terminal or ventral (subterminal), jaws with minute tooth bands or only in the lower jaw; tail long to relatively short, usually much less than dsic width; small dorsal fin near its base; sometines with a small serrated caudal sting; skin sometimes rough but without thorns or enlarged denticles (Ref. 114953). Uses: caught mainly as bycatch in several tropical net fisheries; when targeted in some areas, for the filter plates or human consumption; mostly discarded at sea or made into fishmeal. Important to diving ecotourism.
  Etymology
:
  Reproductive guild
:
  Typical activity level
:
  Main Ref.
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Mobulidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination
Mobula mobular (Bonnaterre, 1788)
acceptedseniornew
Raia mobular Bonnaterre, 1788
synonymseniororiginal
Manta mobular (Bonnaterre, 1788)
synonymseniornew
! Mobular mobular (Bonnaterre, 1788)
synonymseniornew
Squalus edentulus Brünnich, 1768
ambiguousquestionableoriginal
Aodon cornu Lacepède, 1798
ambiguousquestionableoriginal
Raia fabroniana Lacepède, 1800
synonymjuniororiginal
Raja cephaloptera Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymjuniororiginal
Raja giorna Lacepède, 1803
synonymjuniororiginal
Cephaloptera giorna (Lacepède, 1803)
synonymjuniornew
Cephalopterus giornae (Lacepède, 1803)
synonymjuniornew
Dicerobatis giornae (Lacepède, 1803)
synonymjuniornew
Raja diabolus Shaw, 1804
ambiguousquestionableoriginal
Mobula diabolus (Shaw, 1804)
ambiguousquestionablenew
Mobula auriculata Rafinesque, 1810
synonymjuniororiginal
Apterurus fabroni Rafinesque, 1810
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Cephaloptera tatraniana van Hasselt, 1823
synonymjuniororiginal
Cephalopterus edentula Griffini, 1903
synonymjuniororiginal
Mobula birostris (Walbaum, 1792)
acceptedseniornew
synonymotherother
Raja birostris Walbaum, 1792
synonymseniororiginal
Manta birostris (Walbaum, 1792)
synonymseniornew
Raja manatia Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymjuniororiginal
Cephalopterus vampyrus Mitchill, 1824
synonymjuniororiginal
Cephalopterus manta Bancroft, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal
Manta americana Bancroft, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal
Ceratoptera ehrenbergii Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymjuniororiginal
Manta ehrenbergii (Müller & Henle, 1841)
synonymjuniornew
! Ceratoptera ehrenbergi Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymjuniororiginal
Ceratoptera johnii Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymjuniororiginal
Brachioptilon hamiltoni Hamilton & Newman, 1849
synonymjuniororiginal
Manta hamiltoni (Hamilton & Newman, 1849)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
Manta raya Baer, 1899
ambiguousquestionableoriginal
Ceratoptera alfredi (non Krefft, 1868)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Manta alfredi (non Krefft, 1868)
misappliedmisappliednew
Mobula hypostoma (Bancroft, 1831)
acceptedseniornew
Mobula sp. Not applicable
ambiguousquestionableother
synonymseniororiginal
Cephaloptera olfersii Müller, 1834
synonymjuniororiginal
Mobula olfersii (Müller, 1834)
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
Ceratobatis robertsii Boulenger, 1897
synonymjuniororiginal
! Ceratobatis robertsi Boulenger, 1897
synonymjuniororiginal
! Mobula robertsi (Boulenger, 1897)
synonymjuniornew
Mobula japanica (Müller & Henle, 1841)
acceptedseniornew
Cephaloptera japanica Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymseniororiginal
! Mobula japonica (Müller & Henle, 1841)
synonymseniornew
Mobula rancureli Cadenat, 1959
synonymjuniororiginal
Mobula kuhlii (Müller & Henle, 1841)
acceptedseniornew
Cephaloptera kuhlii Müller & Henle, 1841
synonymseniororiginal
Dicerobatis draco Günther, 1872
synonymjuniororiginal
Mobula diabolus (non Shaw, 1804)
misappliedmisappliednew
Mobula eregoodootenkee (Bleeker, 1859)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Mobula eregoodoo (Cantor, 1849)
synonymjuniornew
Mobula diabola (non Shaw, 1804)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Mobula diabolus (non Shaw, 1804)
misappliedmisappliednew
Mobula alfredi (Krefft, 1868)
acceptedseniornew
! Deratoptera alfredi Krefft, 1868
synonymseniororiginal
Ceratoptera alfredi Krefft, 1868
synonymseniororiginal
Manta alfredi (Krefft, 1868)
synonymseniornew
Manta pakoka Whitley, 1936
synonymjuniororiginal
Manta fowleri Whitley, 1936
synonymjuniororiginal
! Manta pakota Whitley, 1936
synonymjuniororiginal
Mobula rochebrunei (Vaillant, 1879)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Mobula tarapacana (Philippi, 1892)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
! Mobula tarapanaca (Philippi, 1892)
synonymseniornew
Mobula coilloti Cadenat & Rancurel, 1960
synonymjuniororiginal
Mobula formosana Teng, 1962
synonymjuniororiginal
Mobula thurstoni (Lloyd, 1908)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Mobula lucasana Beebe & Tee-Van, 1938
synonymjuniororiginal
Mobula munkiana Notarbartolo-di-Sciara, 1987
acceptedseniororiginal
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