Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gobiiformes
(Gobies) > Gobiidae
(Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Eviota: No etymology given, suggested by Christopher Scharpt: from Latin 'eu' for 'true' and 'iota' for anything very small, in combination 'truly very small' referring to it as being the smallest vertebrate at the time it has benn described by Jenkins (thus, making the suggestion by Scharpt plausible.; rubrimaculata: Name as an adjective from the Latin 'rubra' for red and 'macula' for spot; referring to the
distinctive red spots on the head and body.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 6 - 8 m (Ref. 104430), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C -
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Northwest Pacific: Ryukyu Is., Japan.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 1.2 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8. This species is distinguished by the following characters: cephalic sensory-canal pore system pattern 2 (lacking only H [IT] pore); some pectoral-fin rays branched (11-15th rays); dorsal/anal fin-ray formula 9/8; absence of the 5th pelvic-fin ray; absence of the following - prominent distinct dark spots on pectoral-fin base, caudal-peduncle spot over preural centrum, postocular spots, and the strong and dark spots on caudal fin; anal-fin base with 2 dark spots; first dorsal fin clear with some light orange on anterodorsal portion and dark distal margin; second dorsal fin with red-orange spots on basal half, distal margin black and yellow; the body with bright red markings (Ref. 104430).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Suzuki, T., D.W. Greenfield and H. Motomura, 2015. Two new dwarfgobies (Teleostei: Gobiidae) from the Ryukyu Islands, Japan: Eviota flavipinnata and Eviota rubrimaculata. Zootaxa 4007(3):399-408. (Ref. 104430)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00708 (0.00332 - 0.01511), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .