Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes
(Bramble, sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Etmopteridae
Etymology: Etmopterus: Greek, ethmos, -ou = sieve or ethmoides bone + Greek, pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 200 - 500 m (Ref. 247). Deep-water; 0°S - 31°S, 30°E - 51°E
Western Indian Ocean: Kenya to South Africa, including Madagascar (Ref. 5578).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - 27 cm
Max length : 27.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 247)
soft rays: 0. A slim lanternshark with 2 longitudinal rows of greatly enlarged, hooked denticles along the flanks; other denticles small, conical and not arranged in lines (Ref. 5578). Grayish black above, underside black with an elongated broad black mark above, in front of and behind the pelvic fins; other elongated black marks at base and along axis of caudal fin (Ref. 5578).
Found on the upper slope, on or near the bottom (Ref. 5578). Length recorded is from an immature specimen; size of adults unknown (Ref. 247). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).
Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/1):1-249. Rome, FAO. (Ref. 247)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 11.6 - 16.4, mean 14.2 °C (based on 13 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00380 (0.00175 - 0.00826), b=3.08 (2.89 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec assumed to be <100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .