Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes
(Bramble, sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Etmopteridae
Etymology: Etmopterus: Greek, ethmos, -ou = sieve or ethmoides bone + Greek, pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335); evansi: Named for D. Evans. More on authors: Last, Burgess & Séret.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-oceanic; depth range 430 - 550 m (Ref. 45056). Deep-water
Eastern Indian Ocean: off northern Western Australia, Indonesia, and Papua New Guinea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 26.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 45056); 29.7 cm TL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 76 - 82. Body slender. Dorsal and ventral coloration strongly contrasted; dots and dashes absent on upper half; dark ventral saddle on posterior third of caudal peduncle; prominent dark bands at the tip and through mid caudal fin. Eyes rather narrow; upper eyelid with pale naked patch. Caudal peduncle elongate (18.9-21.8% TL). Denticles extremely dense, very thin, delicate, arranged in poorly defined longitudinal rows. Flank marking base under or slightly forward of second dorsal spine; its posterior branch barely reaching free rear tip of second dorsal fin; central caudal marking absent; finger of caudal base marking very long, more than 7% TL. Monospondylous centra 37-38 (Ref. 45056).
Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).
Last, P., G.H. Burgess and B. Séret, 2002. Description of six new species of lantern-sharks of the genus Etmopterus (Squaloidea: Etmopteridae) from the Australasian region. Cybium 26(3):203-223. (Ref. 45056)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 6.8 - 10.5, mean 8.2 (based on 38 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00380 (0.00179 - 0.00808), b=3.09 (2.90 - 3.28), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec assumed to be <100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .