Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Balitoridae
Etymology: kalotaenia: Derived from the Greek kalos, meaning beautiful, and taenia, from Greek tainia, meaning stripes or bars, in reference to the blotches on the flank of this species. A noun in apposition.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; depth range 0 - ? m (Ref. 93072). Subtropical
Asia: Liuding and Dishui streams of the Guijiang river drainage (a tributary of Pearl River) in Guangxi, China.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 93072)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 7. Differs from all congeners by the combination of the following characters: a small median lobe of the rostral fold; lower lip distinctly covered with melanophores; 9-12 squarish blotches on side of body, their height about one-third body depth; and 85-89 lateral line scales. Can be diagnosed from Erromyzon sinensis by having 9-12 irregular blotches on body (vs. 17-21 very irregular bars or a mottled pattern); from
E. compactus by having lower lip with two or three folds (vs. folds absent), a midlateral row of squarish blotches on flank (vs. bars continuous across dorsum), and four rows of blackish spots on dorsal-fin rays, six rows on caudal-fin rays (vs. two rows on both dorsal and caudal-fin rays); and from E. yangi in having 85-89 lateral-line scales (vs. 96-99) and by its color pattern consisting of 9-12 blotches on flank (vs. a black midlateral stripe dark brown dorsum and an incomplete lower black stripe) (Ref. 93072).
Inhabits shallow water at depths of 0.1-0.5 m among boulders and cobbles mixed with sand on the river bed. In Dishui River, other fishes found together with this species include cyprinids (Opsariichthys bidens, Acrossocheilus parallens), balitorids (Pseudogastromyzon fangi, Vanmanenia pingchowensis, Yaoshania pachychilus, Schistura fasciolata) and sisorids (Glyptothorax fokiensis, Pterocryptis anomala). In Liuding River, this species occurs together with Zacco platypus, Puntius semifasciolatus, Pseudorasbora parva, Carassius auratus, Oreonectes platycephalus, Traccatichthys pulcher, Cobitis sinensis and Tachysurus adiposalis (Ref. 93072).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Yang, J., M. Kottelat, J.-X. Yang and X.-Y. Chen, 2012. Yaoshania and Erromyzon kalotaenia, a new genus and species of balitorid loaches for Guangxi, China (Teleostei: Cypriniformes). Zootaxa 3586:173-186. (Ref. 93072)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00562 (0.00239 - 0.01326), b=3.08 (2.87 - 3.29), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .