Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes
(Ground sharks) > Proscylliidae
Etymology: Eridacnis: Greek, eri = very + Greek, dakno = to bite (Ref. 45335). More on author: Smith.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 180 - 480 m (Ref. 244). Deep-water; 4°S - 30°S
Western Indian Ocean: confined to South Africa, Mozambique and Tanzania.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 37 - ? cm
Max length : 37.0 cm TL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Found on the upper continental slope and outer shelf (Ref. 244). Feeds on small bony fishes, crustaceans and cephalopods (Ref. 244). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 50449), with 2 young in a litter (Ref. 244). Geographic or bathymetric segregation of populations by sex probably occurs as most specimens taken off Natal were male (Ref. 244).
Ovoviviparous, embryos feed solely on yolk (Ref. 50449). Bears two young (Ref. 5578). Size at birth between 15 and 17 cm (Ref. 244).
Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 244)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 12.8 - 18.4, mean 15.3 °C (based on 18 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6328 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.58 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Fec=2).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .