Myxini (hagfishes) > Myxiniformes
(Hagfishes) > Myxinidae
(Hagfishes) > Eptatretinae
Etymology: Eptatretus: Greek, epta = seven + Greek, tretos, -e, -on = with holes (Ref. 45335); ancon: Named for the research vessel B/I ANCON of INVEMAR, from which the holotype was captured.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; non-migratory; depth range ? - 488 m (Ref. 41105). Deep-water
Western Central Atlantic: off La Punta de los Remedios, Caribbean Sea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 41105)
Morphology | Morphometrics
External aperture of its last efferent gill duct and pharyngocutaneous duct separated. Gill apertures nonlinear and crowded. Lengths of efferent gill ducts unequal with anterior ones much longer with length of first about 3 times that of last. Gill apertures 6. Slime pores: prebranchial 26; branchial 0; trunk 45; tail 9; total 80. Caudal and ventral finfold not well developed. Head, body, tail and finfold uniformly light brown in alcohol; eyespots faint, gill aperture margins not pale. Ventral aorta bifurcated between the fourth and fifth gill pouches (Ref. 41105).
Iteroparous (Ref. 94918).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Iteroparous (Ref. 94918). Copulatory organ absent. The gonads of hagfishes are situated in the peritoneal cavity. The ovary is found in the anterior portion of the gonad, and the testis is found in the posterior part. The animal becomes female if the cranial part of the gonad develops or male if the caudal part undergoes differentiation. If none develops, then the animal becomes sterile. If both anterior and posterior parts develop, then the animal becomes a functional hermaphrodite. However, hermaphroditism being characterised as functional needs to be validated by more reproduction studies (Ref. 51361 ).
Mok, H.-K., L.M. Saavedra-Diaz and A.P. Acero, 2001. Two new species of Eptatretus and Quadratus (Myxinidae, Myxiniformes) from the Caribbean Coast of Colombia. Copeia 2001(4):1026-1033. (Ref. 41105)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00204 (0.00095 - 0.00438), b=2.93 (2.73 - 3.13), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Fec assumed to be <100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .