Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Epalzeorhynchos: Greek, epalzes, -es, -es = curative + Greek, rhyngchos = snout. More on author: Smith.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 6.5 - 7.5; dH range: ? - 15. Tropical; 22°C - 26°C (Ref. 13371)
Asia: Chao Phraya basin, Thailand. Reported from the Mekong basin (Ref. 37773).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7020)
Inhabits mainstream rivers and floodplains (Ref. 58784). Omnivorous, feeding on plant matter and small benthic animal (Ref. 58784). Tens of thousands of specimens are exported annually from Thailand for the ornamental trade, all now captive bred (Ref. 12217). Aquarium keeping: solitary, adults are territorial and may 'bully' other fish; minimum aquarium size 12.0 cm (Ref. 51150).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Yang, J.-X. and R. Winterbottom, 1998. Phylogeny and zoogeography of the cyprinid genus Epalzeorhynchos Bleeker (Cyprinidae: Ostariophysi). Copeia 1998(1):48-63. (Ref. 28024)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquaculture: commercial; aquarium: highly commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00708 (0.00329 - 0.01525), b=3.07 (2.89 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.34 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .